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TYPES OF GRANITE COUNTERTOPS 101 GUIDE

Types of granite colors, names, edges, maintenance and care, granite cost, and much more – everything is here, in this 101 Guide. Granite countertops have become synonymous with elegance and durability in modern home design, offering a timeless appeal that transcends trends. Renowned for their natural beauty and robust characteristics, granite countertops come in a diverse array of types, each distinguished by unique patterns, colors, and mineral compositions. Let’s explore the captivating world of granite countertops, exploring various types that cater to different aesthetic preferences and functional needs.

From classic choices like Uba Tuba and Santa Cecilia to exotic selections such as Blue Bahia and Kashmir Gold, readers will discover the distinct qualities that make each granite variety a remarkable addition to kitchen and bathroom spaces. As we unravel the intricacies of granite’s geological formations and delve into the transformative process of turning raw slabs into polished surfaces, this guide aims to empower homeowners with the knowledge needed to make informed choices when selecting the perfect granite countertop for their living spaces.

Definition and Use

What type of rock is granite?

Granite is a natural stone and the most popular igneous rock. Many people recognize and successfully identify granite because it’s commonly used for building objects for everyday use.

Granite Definition

Granite is a light-colored igneous rock, coarse-grained. This natural stone consists mainly of quartz and feldspars with some amounts of amphibole minerals and mica. It is harder than marble and has visible grains. People from the granite industry who fabricate, sell and purchase cut stone slabs for further use call this natural stone simply ”granite”. The industry calls stones like basalt, gneiss, diabase, monzonite, gabbro, pegmatite, syenite, schist, anorthosite, granodiorite, diorite, and many other rocks, simply “granite.”

Granite Use

Granite industry uses granite stone to create everyday objects like countertops, wall and floor tiles, paving stone, stair treads, curbing, and building veneer.

When they quarry granite from the Earth, they cut it into slabs or blocks. These granite slabs and blocks need to have a specific width, thickness, and length. Granite industry uses these slabs further for different purposes depending on these characteristics.

All types of granite are perfect for everyday use because they are heavy and strong, water resistant, wear and tear-resistant, and durable. Countertops, floors, and walls made of different granite types are also beautiful because this stone gets its full shine when polished.

All these characteristics make all granite types a highly desirable stone for multiple uses in both residential and commercial interiors.

Granite Colors

Granite countertops colors are determined by the minerals and rocks that make granite. Quartz, amphiboles, feldspar, potassium, and mica (muscovite or biotite) minerals give granite such unique colors and patterns. Different granite colors depend on the concentration of these minerals in the stone.

For example, quartz gives granite mainly milky white color, feldspar provides an off-white shade, biotite gives dark brown or black color, amphibole dark green or black, muscovite – yellow or metallic gold, and unique salmon pink color comes from the abundance of potassium feldspar mineral. The combinations of these minerals give us different granite color types – white granite, black granite, black and white, pink granite, red granite, blue granite, and green granite.

White for a Classic and Fresh Look

White granite primarily contains milky white quartz and opaque white feldspar minerals. No white granite is perfectly white like man-made stones. Actually, if you see a countertop that is 100% white, be sure that it’s not granite but more likely quartz. White granite countertops are true works of art that will have many shades, veinings, and spots of different coloration. Most often, you will see an abundance of small black amphibole grains.

Out of all granite types, white granite is the truest classic. Its unique, timeless beauty holds great currency in interior design. An elegant, fresh, and classic look of white granite countertops easily incorporates and complements both residential and commercial interior projects. Whether gray-flecked, black-spotted, ivory-threaded or slightly bluish, the ageless material of white granite countertops transports centuries of natural processes into our homes and offices.

If you have set your mind on white granite, choose among many options, like Bianco Antico Granite, Ivory Fantasy Granite, Moon White Granite, River White Granite, or Juparana Delicatus Granite.

Granite countertops
White Granite Detail
White Granite Types
Moon White Granite Detail
Popular Types of White Granite
Moon White Granite Design by Gonyea Homes

Moon White Granite

Moon White Granite is a beautiful granite stone. It features delicate grains and intricate patterns with an abundance of specks and swirls. Ivory, silver, gray and jet black spots are delightfully incorporated to together to create a stunning appearance.

Moon White Granite is a durable and dependable natural stone, easy to maintain. It will last you forever.

Granite worktops
Bianco Antico Detail
Types of Granite
Bianco Antico Design by Karen Viscito Interiors

Bianco Antico Granite

Bianco Antico Granite features a gentle, soft gray background with warm pink and taupe spots and flecks. Your kitchen will never look the same with this interesting-looking stone. All the gorgeous brown and burgundy red colors and shades in Bianco Antico granite will amaze you. If you need a countertop with a fresh but classic look and strong personality, choose Bianco Antico Granite. You can find it at our Wayne NJ granite slab yard at Granite Countertop $54.99/sqft deal.

River White Granite
River White Detail
River White Granite Design by Redstart Construction
River White Granite Design by Redstart Construction

River White Granite

River White Granite comes from India. Its white base is enriched with a wealth of light and dark gray veins and deep red burgundy spots and flecks. Each slab of this unique granite is different. Cream, blue, and gray shades intertwine with the white base and create the most amazing patterns you will ever see on a countertop. Looks, durability, and ease of maintenance are the pluses that will make you want to check out our River White Granite Countertop $44.99/sqft deal.

Black for a Sharp and Chic Look

Black granite is gabbro rock, an igneous stone similar to basalt. It primarily contains plagioclase and pyroxene minerals. There are also amphibole and olivine minerals. However, black rocks have the same hardness and durability as all other granitic stones. When you find a black granite countertop that you like, its origin is most likely diabase, basalt, gabbro, norite, diorite, or anorthosite.

Black granite countertops present an excellent choice for everyone who likes solid colors and strong contrasts. Although some might say that black is a dramatic choice, it doesn’t have to be that way. It all depends on the combinations you choose to make in your kitchen. Black countertop can be combined with white or any other kitchen cabinets with a light color. However, you can choose to go deep and dark, too. Another choice is to give your neutral gray cabinets an interest and an edge using black granite.

These endless options show just how versatile black granite countertops are. Whether you like a misty, cool crisp, or starry-eyed look, there are types of granite in black color that will give you just what you want. Sparkles and flecks of gold, silver, green, and gray will perfectly balance the light and dark and give your kitchen a unique, polished, and edgy look.

If you wish to explore black granite countertops further, take a look at Black Galaxy Granite, Black Pearl Granite, and Uba Tuba Granite.

Types of Black Granite
Black Granite Detail
Types of Black Granite
Black Galaxy by MSI
Types of Black Granite
Black Galaxy Granite Countertops

Black Galaxy Granite

Black Galaxy granite is an overall black granite stone with small white and gold specks. These specks can range in size from really small to large, easily noticeable pieces that will add additional drama. Tiny drops of gold and white will make Black Galaxy Granite radiate from within and create a luxurious atmosphere in your kitchen. High moisture resistance, exceptional durability, and ease of maintenance are main characteristics of this beautiful stone. Find it in Wayne NJ at Black Galaxy Granite Countertop $54.99/sqft deal.

Black Pearl Granite
Black Pearl Detail
Black Pearl Granite Design by Dean Poritzky Custom Homes
Black Pearl Granite Design by Dean Poritzky Custom Homes

Black Pearl Granite

If you are looking for a black granite countertop that is deep and versatile, check out Black Pearl Granite. Like all black granites, its general appearance is dark. However, the look of Black Pearl Granite provides intrigue and additional interest. A semi-solid black color features tiny flecks and speckles of shiny silver, gold, green, brown, and gray shades. You can use it for your indoor or outdoor kitchen and enjoy its ease of maintenance. Find it in Wayne NJ at Black Pearl Granite Granite Countertop $39.99/sqft deal.

Uba Tuba Granite
Uba Tuba Granite
Uba Tuba Granite Countertops Design by Lynn Morgan Design
Uba Tuba Granite Countertops Design by Lynn Morgan Design

Uba Tuba Granite Countertops

Uba Tuba Granite originates from Brazil. This deep black granite kitchen top features fine but shiny specs of green, gray, and gold shades. These various shades are multiple and they give Uba Tuba countertops a shimmering effect. If you need a statement piece in your kitchen that you can count on no matter the conditions or the number of years that will go by, take a look at Uba Tuba granite countertop. Find it in our Wayne NJ granite slab yard at Uba Tuba Granite Countertop $39.99/sqft deal.

Let’s get started on your new kitchen, today!

Brown & Gold for Natural Look

Black granite countertops and white granite countertops will make a statement in your kitchen. They will clearly define your taste and give you an edge or they will add a more fresh and ethereal look. If you crave earthy, natural tones, there are no better options than brown and gold granite kitchen tops. They are maybe the most versatile granite countertops of all.

Brown granite countertops are super popular among homeowners and designers who love neutral and natural wooden kitchen cabinets. Tan brown granite will beautifully complement dark wood kitchen cabinets, while dark brown granite countertops look gorgeous when they go with light wooden cabinets.

If you aspire to build a traditional, rustic, or country-style kitchen, choose brown granite countertops. They feel warm, homey, familiar, and snug. If you want to add a touch of elegance, brown options with golden shades will provide just the right amount of beauty you want.

Explore brown granite countertops and take a look at some most popular types of granite kitchen tops like Baltic Brown Granite, New Venetian Gold Granite, and Tan Brown Granite.

Types of Brown Granite Colors
Brown Granite Detail
Baltic Brown Granite
Baltic Brown Detail
Baltic Brown Granite Kitchen Design
Baltic Brown Granite Kitchen Design

Baltic Brown Granite

Baltic Brown granite countertops present an exquisitely beautiful brown natural stone. They feature a superb blend of a brown base with small black, gray, and tan flecks. This lovely brown granite stone has the so-called “irregular” fracture. This is a special characteristic that gives especially lovely and original look to any kitchen space. With lovely look and stain, water, and mildew resistant features, Baltic Brown countertops are waiting for you to check them out at Granite Countertop $44.99/sqft Deal.

Types of Gold Granite
New Venetian Gold
New Venetian Gold Granite Countertops Design by Brandon Barre Photography
New Venetian Gold Granite Countertops Design by Brandon Barre Photography

New Venetian Gold Granite

New Venetian Gold Granite is a special gold granite stone that will bring the warmth and shine of the golden sun into your kitchen. Beige and golden tones are intertwined with light veining of deep gray, red, and brown tones and shades. New Venetian Gold granite countertops present one of the most effective ways to update the look of your kitchen and add more visible value to your home. Find Venetian Gold granite in Wayne NJ at New Venetian Gold Granite Countertop $44.99/sqft deal.

Types of Brown Granite
Tan Brown Detail
Tan Brown Granite Countertops Kitchen Design at Zillow
Tan Brown Granite Countertops Kitchen Design at Zillow

Tan Brown Granite

If you love the look of darker granite brown countertops, check out Tan Brown granite. Brown, black, gray, burnt orange, and deep red flecks and hues intertwine and together create an amazing surface for your everyday needs in the kitchen. The richness and depth of this magnificent stone are simply mesmerizing. Whether you intend to use Tan Brown Granite for interior or exterior projects, you can find it today in Wayne, NJ, at a special price –
$39.99 per sq ft installed.

Gray for Elegance & Class

Gray granite stones are beautifully understated, elegant, and often classy looking. When you look at a typical gray granite, you will see a dominating gray shade but also a wealth of striking flecks in other colors. Like in any other kind of granite stone, you will discover an abundance of creams, rusts, reds, blacks, silvers, and golds.

Gray granites are, similar to brown options, neutral. However, they are perfect for creating more elegant and contemporary interior decors. They can also be warm and homey similar to brown granite but in a different way. Gray granite countertops are silvery shiny, unquestionably elegant, and unique. Smoky or snowy, gray granite countertops are convenient and affordable – perfect choices for your next kitchen remodel project.

Whether you are planning a kitchen or bathroom remodel, a residential or commercial project, gray granite countertops will suit a variety of aesthetics and preferences. Get inspired by two of our most popular and best-selling granite gray options – New Caledonia Granite and Steel Gray Granite.

Types of Gray Granite
Gray Granite Detail
Types of granite edges
New Caledonia Detail
New Caledonia Granite Countertops Design by Dimanti Stone Works
New Caledonia Granite Countertops Design by Dimanti Stone Works

New Caledonia Granite

New Caledonia Granite is one of the most beautiful and the most interesting granites in gray color. Intricate shades of gray and white range from light gray to charcoal shade. Add natural beauty and a unique, elegant vibe with New Caledonia Granite countertops to the most important room in your home! Their unique, consistent grain structure makes it easy to combine different slabs of this gray granite stone. Find New Caledonia Granite in Wayne NJ at New Caledonia Granite Countertop $39.99/sqft deal.

Types of Gray Granite
Steel Gray Detail
Steel Gray Granite Countertops Design by Pricey Pads
Steel Gray Granite Countertops Design by Pricey Pads

Steel Gray Granite

Steel Gray Granite comes from India. It represents a low-variation durable granite stone with an abundance of various gray shades and tiny flecks of lighter grays. Steel Gray Granite countertops present an ideal solution if you love mysterious, dark gray look. They are a perfect example of how you can create a sleek, contemporary decor using traditional stone. Whether you need it for a residential or commercial remodel project, you can find it in Wayne NJ at Steel Gray Granite Countertop $44.99/sqft deal price.

Quartzite vs Granite Aqua Kitchen and Bath Design Center
Quartzite vs Granite Aqua Kitchen and Bath Design Center

Quartzite vs Granite

Both Quartzite and Granite are natural stones and both are great choices for your project. Learn their differences to choose the one that is right for you.

Cost – if it is pure, quartzite is more expensive than granite.

Looks – it is difficult to see the difference between granite and quartzite as both have mineral quartz in their origin. However, they formed in different ways. Quartzite is commonly found in lighter colors and patterns that resemble marble.

Durability – quartzite and granite are equally durable and require the same level of maintenance. Both are more durable and require less maintenance than marble.

Let’s get started on your new kitchen, today!

Granite Edges Types

After you have decided that you will use granite for your remodel project, and after you determined what color is best for your interior, it is time to decide what kind of type of granite edge you will choose.

Granite edge profile is the shape that the edge of your granite kitchen top will take. You can choose between the following types.

Straight Edge Granite Type

These edges feature a slightly rounded design. They are best for simple and clean, contemporary countertop designs and interiors. This type of edge will easily blend with the kitchen and won’t steal attention from your beautiful granite kitchen top.

Eased Edge Type

This type of granite edge is the most popular. It is not too rounded but it is also not too sharp. This edge is a 90-degree square edge that is slightly eased. This type of granite edge adds the thickest look to the granite countertop. It is easy to clean and doesn’t hold spillages that so often happen in a kitchen.

Beveled Edge Granite Type

If you want a sleek, elegant, and modern look in your kitchen, choose this type of granite edge. The beveled edge features a 45-degree angle clipped flat corner. Your granite fabricator will be able to customize the angle and the width of the bevel edge to meet your needs. Because of its simple, flat design, the beveled granite edge is also easy to clean and maintain.

Ogee Edge

This is a classic-looking granite edge, perfect for traditional kitchen designs. There is a groove on the bottom that is rounded. Ogee edge can feature a simple, subtle line, or a deeper, more visible, and dramatic curve. If you want to make a statement with the edge, that Ogee Edge is perfect for you. Just keep in mind that it would steal too much of attention in a smaller kitchen space. Its curves also take more effort to maintain and keep clean.

Bullnose Edge Type

It features a rounded look ideal for sophisticated traditional kitchen and bath decors. Pick this edge type if you want your granite countertop to appear thinner and classic. If you want easy maintenance, this is the best of all types of granite edges for you. Keeping it in pristine condition is easy.

Waterfall Granite Edge Type

It is rounded and features a clean and sleek look, perfect for modern, contemporary designs. This edge looks like there is almost no edge at all. That is why its name is Waterfall. It seems like granite flows over the countertop without a stopping point. This is also one of the safest granite edges you can choose.

Types of Granite Countertops
Types of Granite Grades

How To Differ Granite Grades

It is great that you have decided to use some of the granite types we presented to you in this 101 Guide. If you would like to gain deeper knowledge of different granite grades, you’ve come to the right place. We are proud to say that Aqua Kitchen and Bath provides only premium-grade granite slabs.

Low-Grade Granite – Level 1 is commercial grade or builder’s grade, entry-level granite stone. This low-grade granite is cut thinner, usually about 3/8 inch. Builders are using it for pre-fab remodels and building apartments. It features a simple design and standard colors.

Mid Grade Granite – Level 2 is generally imported from Brazil or India. It features a bit more unique colors than Level 1 Granite and 3/4 inch average thickness.

Top Grade GraniteLevel 3 + has more than just 3 levels. These often go up to 7 levels with granite countertops of the finest quality, most unique designs, veins, rare colors, and patterns. Highest-grade granites are usually cut into 3/4 inch or more average thickness. This is the kind that Aqua Kitchen and Bath Design provides.

Granite Countertops Guide

Granite Countertops Cost

Granite countertops have an affordable price comparing to other natural stones like marble and quartzite. The final granite countertops cost will depend on the size of your countertop and on the number of granite slabs you’re purchasing. Average cost of granite countertops ranges from $50 to $100 per square foot. Generally, fabrication and installation come free of charge. The thickness of the granite slab, as well as the pattern and color, will affect the price.

Here, at Aqua Kitchen and Bath Design Center, granite countertops’ cost is affordable. We have included a free estimate, free fabrication, free edge treatment, free sealer treatment, and free installation in our granite countertops price. We also use kitchen quoting software to make the pricing and ordering of granite as simple as possible for our customers.

Granite Countertops Maintenance and Care Aqua Kitchen and Bath Design Center
Granite Countertops Maintenance and Care Aqua Kitchen and Bath Design Center

Granite Countertops Maintenance and Care

Granite countertops are easy to maintain and care for. This natural stone is exceptionally durable and strong. To keep its impeccable looks and performance, make sure to seal it once a year. When your local granite fabricator installs your granite countertops, they will seal their surface. Sealant gives your granite countertops best protection against moisture and spills. If you want to put the sealant yourself, make sure you use a high-quality product and follow manufacturer’s instructions.

On an everyday basis, clean your granite counters using a soft, cotton cloth and mild water with just a drop of ph-neutral cleanser or any ph-neutral liquid soap. Make sure not to use any scrubbers or harsh cleansers. If your granite is sealed properly, light cleaning is all that you need to keep it looking and performing perfectly. All granite countertops can withstand high temperatures, so putting hot pots and pans on them is not a problem. However, damage is possible under extreme temperatures.

Let’s get started on your new kitchen, today!

Granite Types FAQ

  • How do I know what granite type I have?

To determine the granite type you have, start by examining its color and pattern, as these characteristics often provide initial clues. Check for unique markings, veining, or speckles, as different granite types exhibit distinct visual features. Obtain the original documentation or contact the supplier to identify the specific name or variety of the granite. Professional granite fabricators and experts can also assist in identifying the type based on their experience and knowledge. Use online resources and databases that catalog various granite types to cross-reference and pinpoint the specific characteristics of your granite.

  • Which granite type is the best?

Determining the best granite type depends on your individual preferences, budget, and the intended use of the stone. Popular choices like Uba Tuba, Kashmir White, and Santa Cecilia are renowned for their timeless appeal and versatility in various design schemes. Exotic varieties such as Blue Bahia or Typhoon Bordeaux offer unique and striking aesthetics, making them suitable for bold and distinctive design statements. Consider the durability and maintenance requirements of each granite type, as some may be more resistant to stains and scratches than others. The best granite type is one that aligns with your stylistic preferences, fits your budget, and meets the practical needs of your space.

  • What is the rarest type of granite?

Determining the rarest type of granite can be subjective, as availability varies regionally and over time. Some consider Blue Bahia granite to be among the rarest due to its limited quarry locations in Brazil and its striking blue hue, which sets it apart from more common varieties. Similarly, certain exotic varieties like Red Dragon or Azul Macaubas are considered rare due to their unique colors and patterns. However, rarity can also be influenced by market trends and fluctuations in supply. Consult with reputable stone suppliers or specialists to gain insights into the current availability and rarity of specific granite types.

  • Why are there so many different granite types?

The vast diversity of granite types stems from the geological processes that create this igneous rock. Granite forms deep within the Earth’s crust through the slow cooling and solidification of molten magma, and variations in mineral composition lead to distinct colors and patterns. Different mineral combinations, as well as environmental factors during formation, contribute to the wide range of granite types available. Geological diversity in various regions results in unique quarries producing specific granite varieties. Various preferences for different aesthetics and practical considerations drive the demand for a broad selection of granite types, leading to the extraction and utilization of various quarries worldwide.

  • How do I choose granite color?

When choosing a granite color, consider the overall aesthetic and mood you want to achieve in your space. Take into account the existing color scheme of your kitchen or bathroom, including cabinetry, flooring, and walls. Lighter granite colors, such as whites and beiges, can create a sense of spaciousness and brightness, while darker hues like blacks and browns can add drama and sophistication. Test samples in your lighting conditions to see how the granite color interacts with natural and artificial light. Trust your taste and preferences to select a granite color that resonates with your style and complements the overall design of your home.

  • How can you tell if granite is high quality?

To determine the quality of granite, assess its appearance, checking for consistent color, pattern, and finish without noticeable discolorations or irregularities. High-quality granite should have a polished surface with a smooth and reflective finish. Inspect the thickness of the slab, as thicker slabs are generally considered more durable. Check for any visible seams or fractures, as well-cut and well-joined granite should have minimal or inconspicuous seams. Inquire about the granite’s origin, as reputable sources and quarries often produce higher-quality stone.

Choose the Right Granite Countertops in Wayne, NJ

Granite countertops have become synonymous with elegance and durability in modern home design, offering a timeless appeal that transcends trends. Each type brings a unique personality to interior spaces, allowing homeowners to express their style and preferences. From the timeless elegance of classic varieties to the bold statements made by exotic options, the versatility of granite is unmatched. Selecting the right granite countertop involves not only considering aesthetic appeal but also understanding the geological origins and practical qualities. With this knowledge, homeowners can confidently embark on the journey of transforming their spaces into enduring showcases of beauty and functionality.

Aqua Kitchen and Bath Design Center is located in Wayne NJ and has all the right types of granite countertops you want to consider for your kitchen remodel. From single slab deals per square foot installed, we have affordable prices on Granite Countertops NJ. All our granite countertops are of the highest grade quality, featuring unique colors and patterns.

Whether you are planning a residential or commercial project, we hope this Guide has given you all the necessary information you need to know. When you come to our granite slab yard in Wayne NJ, we will answer any questions you may have and show you all the slabs you are interested in. Check out our Products, Monthly Specials, You can also contact us online today and find that perfect type of granite countertop you’ve been looking for.

types of granite finishes